Archaeology of Time Measurement 1.tif









SACSAYHUAMAN Sun Dial in Peru aligns with El Caracol in Yucatan Mexico at the sun line angle .tif

The Sacsayhuaman Fort in Cusco Perú is the Home of The Sun Dial


In Sacsayhuaman, known as the Inca 'Navel of the World', atop the citadel there is a circular structure in stone similar to the Nasca Calendar Wheel and the Medicine Wheel in Wyoming, US, known locally as "The Cusco Sun Dial", i.e. an observatory. See graphic.

The Sun Dial has double row stone radii.  One of the radius runs NW at an angle close to the Circle of Illumination and the other perpendicular to it i.e. parallel to the ecliptic Equator line. One of the dial's radii (335.18°)follows the solar Circle of Illumination line; which at this latitude has an angle of 335.85°. A NW line (334.21°NW), connects The Cusco Sun Dial in Perú, with the Caracol observatory in the Yucatán peninsula in México, located 2,600 miles away.

The Sun dial is another geodetic marker for the astronomical Circle of Illumination




The Temple of Kalasasaya in Tihuanaco -Tiwanaku- Bolivia


A common assumption regarding architectural positioning of monuments is that they were aligned North-South so that the structure would get the sun from the East at the Solstices. Although all those structures that are aligned this way do get the sun as prescribed, it is only in appearance; the actual alignment with the positioning of the sun at the culmination of the summer solstice is several degrees off 90°. How far off depends on the latitude the structure is located at and planetary fluctuations.

The Tiwanaku and Stonehenge monuments make this point quite aptly. At Tiwanaku the sun's position at the Summer solstice is at an angle of 114.53° and at Stonehenge it is at 50.61°; at neither site is the sun due 90° east, as it may appear to be to the naked eye. This fact is obvious at Tiwanaku. The Gates of the Sun and the Moon are aligned NS and EW respectively; the two structures are not on the same 90° line. However, both Gates are on the 114.53° line, the same as the Ponce Stela, such that at the culmination of the summer solstice these three structures are aligned with the sun.   At Solar Time 0530 on December 21, 2014 the sun rising on the east aligned with the head of the Ponce Megalith, and both gates simultaneously at an angle of 114.54°.


Kalasasaya Ponce Stela aligns with the Puerta del Sol y de La Luna at the solstice.tif



PYRAMIDS of Giza layout & alignment follow the Pacific Ocean Ridge alignment and design similar to the AKAPANA pyramid.tif


The Pyramids of Giza Dimensions and Layout are of This World

In the graphic, the arc segments for both the Abbas Giant's Mace and Ahu Akahanga's are shown as they cross over the pyramid of Cheops' apex. The Abbas Giant ellipse line is about 15degrees off the pyramid's diagonal. Following is a geometric analysis.

We took the SPO Glyph -see below- tracing and rotated it along its NS axis to obtain a mirror image, followed by a rotation of of about 75⁰ clockwise about its center middle peak. This transformation yielded extraordinary results. While maintaining the overall alignment of the SPO glyph's peaks with the pyramids, some of its lines became aligned with other features of their layout, this time pointing out their relationship with the Sphinx and the causeway that connects it with the pyramid of Chephren. Simultaneously, it aligned the southern line of the glyph's peak, which corresponds to the pyramid of Cheops, with the diagonal line across the pyramid; which is also closely followed by the Abbas Giant's Mace circle which, in turn, lines up with the SIO Glyph.




Giza is Aligned to the Ocean Ridge on The 150° Meridian

The graphic shows that the ridge line is composed of a vertical line which is located at the 150° longitude meridian, it starts in Antarctica and ends just south of Tahiti. There it folds back going south-west, then returns northward in a zigzag manner.  The pyramids’ antipode point is located at the second fold of the ridge line at about 30.0°S 149.0°W. In the graphic we also show the location of this point with respect to the ridge line glyph. The ocean ridge line has two important characteristics: The vertical line runs north-south, and is located exactly on the 150° longitude meridian. The pyramid of Cheops location is at about 31°E, so, at its antipode point its longitude is about 149° and the pyramids' NS alignment runs parallel to the ridge line. This line of the SPO Glyph is what we believe determined the North alignment of the pyramids and every other structure thus aligned; such as the Temple of Kalsasaya in Tihuanaco, instead of their alignments being based on the mobile Polar Star or the magnetic pole. The SPO Glyph has a natural earth line that happens to precisely run north south; as such it is a perfect 'immutable' anchor, which at this point of our research appears to be unique amongst all ridge lines; if anything it is perhaps the longest and most obvious line. We believe this line, which runs north all the way from Antartica for 6,000km, is the Ancient's original geo-centric based source for the "North" concept.

The Pacific Ocean Ridge points North is encased by the Verneukpan limit lines and follows the 150 degree  meridian one degree off the Giza great circle.tif





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